THE GENESIS OF SCOUTING AND GUIDING IN THE WORLD
- 1907 -A retired Army General Lord Baden Powell conducted an experimental camp in Brown sea Island in England with 20 boys. The successful conduct of the camp and publication of the Book “Scouting for Boys” in a fortnightly marked the start of the Boy Scout Movement.
- In the year 1910, Crystal palace Rally was held where Girls wearing the boy Scout uniform appeared and wanted to join the Scout Movement. Lord Baden Powell decided to start a movement for Girls with the help of his sister Agnes Baden Powell.
SCOUTING IN INDIA
- Scouting started in India in the year 1909, when Captain T.H.Baker established the first Scout Troop in Bangalore and got it registered with imperial Headquarters, London. Subsequently, Scout Troops were formed in Kirkee (Pune), Simla, Madras, Jabalpur, Lonavla (Mumbai) and registered with the Imperial Headquarters during 1910 and 1911. These units were open to European and Anglo Indian Children only.
- The first Guide Company in India was started in Jabalpur, Central India in 1911.
- As the Scout Movement was not initially open to the Indian boys, Nationalist leaders of India decided to offer Scouting activities to Indian Boys and Sewa Samiti Scout Association was formed with Headquarters in Allahabad by Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, Pandit Hriday Nath Kunzru and Pandit Sriram Bajpai. Dr Annie Besant with the help of Shri G.S.Arundale started a separate Scout Association for Indian Boys in Madras.
- Efforts were made for unification of different scout groups existing in India during the visit of Lord Baden Powell to India in 1921 and 1937 but failed. The major reason for the failure in unification was the promise clause which included the word “Duty to King”. Our Patriotic sentiments of our Nationalist leaders did not approve the allegiance to the British Empire and instead, it was insisted that allegiance loyalty to the Country should be part of the Scout Promise.
SCOUTING GUIDING IN INDEPENDENT INDIA
- After the independence of our country efforts were made for unification of the Scout and Guide Associations functioning in India. Serious efforts were made by our National leaders like Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru, First Prime Minister of India, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the first education Minister of India, Shri Mangal Das Pakvasa, Governor of Central Province, and Scout leaders Pandit Hriday Nath Kunzru, Pandit Sri Ram Bajpai, Justice Vivian Bose and others for the merger of the Scout / Guide Associations.
- Dr Tara Chand, Education Secretary, Government of India made a significant contribution in finalizing the merger deed. The Final merger took place on 7th November 1950 and the unified Organization came into existence under the Name “The Bharat Scouts and Guides”. The Girl Guides Association formally joined the Bharat Scouts and Guides a little later on 15th August 1951.
CONSTITUTION AND HEADQUARTERS
- The Bharat Scouts and Guides is a Registered Society under Societies Registrations Act. It is a totally voluntary, non-political and secular organization. The National Headquarters of the Bharat Scouts functioned from Regal Building, Connaught Place, NewDelhi, till 1963. Thereafter, it shifted to its own building and is functioning from Lakshmi Mazumdar Bhawan, 16, Mahatma Gandhi Marg, Indra Prasth Estate, New Delhi – 110002. The National Headquarters building was inaugurated in the year 1963 by the then Vice President of India Dr Zakir Hussain.
FUNDAMENTALS OF BS & G
- The Bharat Scouts & Guides is a voluntary, non-political, educational movement for young people, open to all without distinction of origin, race or creed, in accordance with the purpose, principles and methods conceived by the Founder Lord Baden Powell in 1907.
- The purpose of the Movement is to contribute to the development of young people in achieving their full physical, intellectual, emotional, social and spiritual potentials as individuals, as responsible citizens and as members of local, national and international communities.
- The Scout /Guide Movement is based on the following principles:
DUTY TO GOD: Adherence to spiritual principle, loyalty to the religion that expresses the acceptance of the duties resulting therefrom.
DUTY TO OTHERS:
Loyalty to one’s country in the harmony of local and international peace, understanding, co-operation.
Participation in the development of society with recognition and respect for the dignity of one’s fellowmen
and for the integrity of the natural world.
DUTY TO SELF: Responsibility for the development of one’s self.
- The Scout /Guide Method is a system of progressive self-education through:-
– A Promise and Law
– Learning by doing.
– Membership of small groups under adult leadership involving progressive discovery and acceptance of responsibility and training towards self -government directed towards the development of character, and the acquisition of competence, self-reliance, dependability and capacities to co-operate and to lead. – Progressive and stimulating programmes of various activities based on the interest of the participants including games, useful skills and services to the community taking place largely in an outdoor setting in contact with nature.
LAW AND PROMISE
- The Law for the Scout and Guide is:
A Scout /Guide is trustworthy.
A Scout /Guide is loyal.
A Scout / Guide is Friend to all and brother/Sister to every other Scout/Guide.
A Scout / Guide is courteous.
A Scout / Guide is a friend to animals and loves nature.
A Scout / Guide is disciplined and helps protect public property.
A Scout / Guide is courageous.
A Scout / Guide is thrifty.
A Scout / Guide is pure in thought, word and deed.
- Promise as applicable to Scout/Guides.
“On my honour I promise that I will do my best – to do my duty to God and my country, to help other people and to obey the Scout/Guide Law.”
- The Law for the Cub / Bulbul is: A Cub / Bulbul gives into the elders.
A Cub / Bulbul is clean and courteous.
- Cub / Bulbul Promise:
“I promise to do my best to do my duty God and my Country, to keep the cub / Bulbul law and to do a Good turn every day”.
Note: 1. The word “Dharma” may be substituted, if so desired for the word “God”
Note 2. The law and promise for Scouts & Guides are applicable to Rovers/Rangers and Adult leaders in the movement.
SCOUT/ GUIDE PRAYER
SECTIONS OF THE MOVEMENT
Scout Wing Section –
Name of Unit Age Group Motto
1.Bunny – 03 – 06 years – Tamtola – Keep Smiling
2.Cubs – 05 – 10 years – Cub Pack – Do Your Best
3.Scout – 10 – 17 years – Scout Troop – Be Prepared.
4.Rover *– 16 – 25 years – Rover Crew –Service
Guide Wing Section–
Name of Unit Age Group Motto
1.Bunny – 03 – 06 years – Tamtola – Keep Smiling
2.Bulbul – 05 – 10 years – Bulbul Flock – Do Your Best
3.Guide – 10 – 17 years – Guide Company – Be Prepared.
4.Ranger* – 16 – 25 years – Ranger Team –Service.
*Rover/Ranger is not available in Kendriya Vidyalaya(s).
ADVANCEMENT SCHEME FOR CUBs & BULBULs
Pratham Charan Komal Panka
Dwitiya Charan Rajat Pankh
Tritiya Charan Suvarna Panka
Chaturth Charan Heerakh Pankh
STAGES OF ADVANCEMENT OF A SCOUT /GUIDE
- Pratham Sopan
- Dwitiya Sopan
- Tritiya Sopan
- Rajya Puraskar
- Rashtrapati Puraskar
ANNUAL REGISTRATION FEE
The revised rates of Annual individual registration fee /Affiliation Fee (Group Registration Fee) w.e.f. 16 June 2020 would be as Under:-
- Cubs and Bulbuls – Rs. 5/-
- Scouts/Guides/Rovers and Rangers – Rs.10/-
- Unit Leaders/Volunteer Commissioners – Rs.50/-
- Group Registration Fee per Group – Rs.250/-
- Affiliation Fee per State (Both Wing) – Rs. 1000/-
The orders issued by “The Bharat Scouts & Guides” in this regard are: Download
IMPORTANT DAYS TO BE CELEBRATED EVERY YEAR
- World Thinking Day / Founders Day: Every year 22nd February is celebrated as ‘World Thinking Day‘ all over the world.
- Earth Day: Each year, Earth Day-April 22-marks the anniversary of the birth of the modern environmental movement in 1970.
HIGHEST AWARD FOR THE YOUTH
- Golden Arrow: Golden Arrow is the highest Award for the Cubs and Bulbuls. This award is presented by the President of Bharat Scouts and Guides in a specially organized Award ceremony conducted at National Level. This award was introduced in 2002. The first Award ceremony was held in the year 2003.
- Rashtrapati Scout /Guide Award: Rashtrapati Scout / Guide Award is the highest award for a Scout / Guide. The Award is presented by Rashtrapatiji (the President of India) at a special investiture ceremony. The Rashtrapati Scout /Guide Award was introduced in the year 1961.
- Cub Bulbul Utsav: Cub Bulbul Utsav are gathering of the Cub and Bulbuls in which opportunities are provided to the Cub and bulbuls to enjoy the activities specially carved out for them and also help them to demonstrate their skills and talents. Some of the activities in the camp/Utsav are a demonstration of Cub Bulbul Greetings, Decoration of Bulbul Tree, enacting the Jungle Stories, Jungle Dances, exhibitions, play-acting is organized during the Utsav.
- The Evening activities of the Cub’s are known as Red Flower and the bulbul’s is known as Kalarav where the Cubs and Bulbuls present their skills and talents in the cultural presentation.
- Adventure Activities, Coastal Trekking, Desert Trekking, Himalayan Trekking, Skating Tour, Water Activities, Nature Study Camps Patrol Leaders Jamborettes, Youth forum, Patrol Leaders Training Programme, National Integration Programmes, Inter-state Cultural exchange programmes etc., are organized at Regional and National level. Training programmes on First-aid, Map Reading, Stargazing, disaster Preparedness are organized.
- Awareness activities on Peace and Harmony, AIDS/HIV, Anti-Tobacco, Anti –Drug etc. and Jamboree On The Air and Jamboree on the Internet are held every year.
- JAMBOREE – The Jamboree is a National level gathering of the Scouts and Guides conducted once in 4 years or to mark a special occasion. The Jamboree gives the Scouts and Guides an opportunity to interact with the young people from different states of India and from abroad. The young people share their customs, food habits, handicraft, religious practices, culture etc with one another. They live under the canvas for a weeks period and participate in various activities.
TRAINING OF UNIT LEADERS (TEACHERS)
- Introductory Course – One Day*
- Basic Course for Unit Leaders – 7 days
- Advanced Course for Unit Leaders – 7 days.
- Himalaya Wood Badge Course for Unit Leaders – 8 days**
- The Unit leaders Training Courses are conducted separately for Cub, Scout and Rover Sections in
Scout wing and Bulbul, Guide and Ranger Sections in Guide Wing.
- * Introductory course is not required in Guide Wing,
- ** In Guide Wing HWB Course duration is 7 days.
- Pre- ALT Course – 5 days – the selection of Trainers
- Course for Assistant Leader Trainers (ALT) – 7 days
- Course for Leader Trainers (LT) – 7 days
FOR ADVANCEMENT OF SKILLS SPECIALIZED COURSES ARE
- Pioneering cum Estimation Course
- First Aid Course
- Mapping and Stargazing Course
- Campfire Leaders Course
- Quarter Masters Course
- Sea Scout Leaders Course
- Air Scout Leaders Course
- Grameen Scout Leaders Course
- Vocational Training Course
- Handicraft course
- Yoga course
The above courses are organized at the National Level as well as State level.
TRAINING OF ADULTS LEADERS
- Basic Course for Commissioners – 5 days
- Advanced Course for Commissioners – 5 days
- Course for Secretaries – 5 days
- Course for Organizers – 5 days
- Course for Group Leaders – 5 Days
Useful Books: https://librarykvs.com/bharat-scout-and-guide/
Credits: The Bharat Scouts and Guides
Last updated on 20.08.2020